Natural Stones
Architectural Stones
Stone Blocks
Stone Bricks
Tumbled Stone
Stone Strips
Stone Copings
Stone Roofing Tiles
Stone Treads & Risers
Dimensional Stones
Stone Tiles
Stone Slabs
Paving Stones
Stone Steps
Stone Tiles
Stone Circles
Stepping Stones
Stone Cobbles
Landscaping Stones
Stone Steps
Stone Circles
River Bed Pebbles
Stepping Stones
Stone Cobbles

Marble Stone

        A marble is a metamorphic rock formed by alteration of limestone or dolomite, often irregularly colored by impurities and used especially in architecture and sculpture. Marble tiles are suitable for bathrooms, entryways and fireplaces, living & dining areas. Marble floor tiles are also used for both interior and exterior flooring applications. Some of the different colors of marble are white, red, black, mottled and banded, gray, pink, and green.

Marbles have always been the strongholds of Architecture in India through the ages. The "Taj Mahal" in Agra stands testimony to the timeless beauty of Indian Marble. The marbles of Rajasthan, with their eye- capturing beauty has always fascinated viewers. Our marble palace deals with the original marbles from Rajasthan to set magnificence prevailing in 'God's Own Country'
Marble, formed from limestone with heat and pressure over years in the earth's crust. These pressure or forces cause the limestone to change in texture and makeup. The process is called recrystallization. Fossilized materials in the limestone, along with its original carbonate minerals, recrystallize and form large, coarse grains of calcite.

Impurities present in the limestone during the recrystallization period affect the mineral composition of the marble which is formed. At relatively low temperatures, silica impurities in the carbonate minerals form masses of chert or crystals of quartz. At higher temperatures, the silica reacts with the carbonates to produce diopside and forsterite. At a very high temperatures, rarer calcium minerals, such as larnite, monticellite, and rankinite, forms in the marble. If water is present, serpentine, talc, and certain other hydrous minerals may be produced. The presence of iron, alumina, and silica may result in the formation of hematite and magnetite.

The minerals that result from impurities give marble a wide variety of colors. The purest calcite marble is white in colour. Marble containing hematite are reddish in color. Marble that has limonite is yellow, and marble with serpentine is green in colour.

Marble does not split easily into sheets of equal size and must be mined with care. The rock may shatter if explosives are used. Blocks of marble are mined with channeling machines, which cut grooves and holes in the rock. Miners outline a block of marble with rows of grooves and holes. They then drive wedges into the openings and separate the block from the surrounding rock. The blocks are cut with saws to the desired shape and size.

Uses of Marble

Marble has always been highly valued for its beauty, strength, and resistance to fire and erosion. The ancient Iranian & Greeks were good user of marble in their buildings and statues. The Italian artist Michelangelo used marble from Carrara, Italy, in a number of sculptures. Marble from Tennessee was used in parts of the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C. The Lincoln Memorial, also in Washington, was built of marble from Alabama, Colorado, and Georgia.

Very pure calcite marble is used for most statues. They are translucent. Large blocks of colored marble are used for columns, floors, and other parts of buildings. Smaller pieces of marble are crushed or finely ground and used as abrasives in soaps and other such products. Crushed or ground marble is also used in paving roads and in manufacturing roofing materials and soil treatment products.

Textures of Marbles

Marbles show variety of textures on account of existing minerals & re-crystallization patterns. Texture depends upon form, size, uniformity of grain arrangements. Marbles can be classified on the basis of the

following factors :-

Calcite Marble - Mostly CaCo3; MgCo3<0.50%
Dolomite Marble - Having > 40% MgCo3
Magnesium Marble - MgCo3 between 5 to 40%
Serpentine Marble - remobilised marble due to the effect of Thermodynamic metamorphic wherein serpentine is prominent
Onyx Marble - Lime carbonate deposition on account of cold water solution activity

Occurrences of Marble

Masaron Ki Obri, Rishabhdeo (Kesariyaji), Udaipur, Rajasthan
Nai Parbati, Amet, Dist. Rajsamand, Rajasthan
Manpura, Dhariyawad, Dist. Udaipur
Sidhavatam, Kadapa Dist., Andhra Pradesh
Umpavally, Koraput Dist., Orissa

Marbles - Marble in Andhra mainly occurs in Khammam, Cuddappah, Kurnool, Ananthpur, Guntur and Nellore Districts. The Palnad marbles have already made a name under the name - Amravathi marbles.
Marble - Marble deposits occur in Banaskantha and Baroda districts. Ambaji in Banaskantha district and Chhuchupura in Baroda district are main quarrying centres for white, serpentinous green coloured and various shades and hues which are available in the state.
Marble - Sufficient deposits of marble is found in district Mahendragarh located due south and south-west of Narnaul. The most important localities are Antri-Beharipur, Zainpur, Chappra-Bibipur, Nangal durgu, Islampur and Dhanota- Dhancholi. Marble is found in variegated colours and banded forms. Banded marble of Antri-Biharipur is of excellent quality. White marble is available at Rasulpur, Golwa, Gangutana and Musnota also.

Marble - Madhya Pradesh in now fast emerging as Marble producing state in the country. Exotic varieties of Marble are available in Katni, Jabalpur, Narsinghpur, Harda, Sidhi and Jhabua districts. Number of fully mechanised mines is already in operation in the state. There is ample scope for opening new marble mines as well as for establishing cutting and polishing units in the state.
Marble - Splendid varieties of marble are spread all over Rajasthan, mainly in the districts of Nagaur, Udaipur, Rajsamand, Banswara, Dungarpur, Jaipur, Sirohi, Bhilwara, Ajmer, Bundi, Alwar, Chittorgarh, Churu and Pali. Prominent clusters for processing and quarrying of marble in Rajasthan are as follows :-
Makrana Makrana White was used in Taj Mahal. Makrana is now a developed marble centre with hundreds of marble quarries, modern slab & tile processing and stone craft units. Important varieties are Super White, Albeta, Adanga, Kumari, Doongri, Pink etc.

Major centre for Marble handicrafts
Marble in Uttar Pradesh occurs mainly in two districts, namely Pithoragarh and Mirzapur.
Marble bands in the Mishmi Formation, Chilleipam Formation and Tidding limestone, Abor Volcanics, Lohit Valley, Dalai Valley. Serpentinite bands extend from Tidding to Hunli and in Mayi Hill region of Dibang Valley District.

Marble deposits are available in Bastar and Dantewara districts.
Marble deposit occur in Phek district in the areas of Pang, Wui, Moya and Moke.
Marble in Uttar Pradesh occurs mainly in two districts, namely Pithoragarh and Mirzapur.